Vol. 2 No. 6 (2015)
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients are at increased risk of developing thromboembolic complications. We report here a rare case of left ventricle thrombus in a young woman with ulcerative colitis. We discuss the pathophysiology of hypercoagulable state in IBD, and briefly address current prophylactic anticoagulation recommendations.
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA), a systemic inflammatory disease, may induce pulmonary manifestations. We describe a case of longstanding RA presenting with eosinophilic pneumonia (EP). Rare case reports of tissue eosinophilia involving isolated organs in the setting of RA exist in the literature. It has been shown that the production of proinflammatory cytokines activates different cell group and can simultaneously play a role in RA and induce eosinophils infiltration in target tissue. An appropriate lowest possible dosage of steroid therapy is essential, whereas EP may be a rare subset of pulmonary involvement in RA.
Background and objectives: Significantly elevated serum ferritin levels are associated with both iron overload and some inflammatory conditions. Hepcidin is a protein that interferes with iron absorption in inflammatory states and acts as an acute-phase reactant.
Materials and methods: Here we report the case a 33-year-old patient who presented with high fever, skin lesions and arthralgia lasting for 2 weeks. His ferritin level was 13,800 µg/l and his hepcidin level was 61 ng/dl.
Results: The final diagnosis was adult onset Still's disease. The condition evolved satisfactorily with steroid treatment, but after several weeks the patient presented with an unexpected recurrence.
Conclusions: Hepcidin is a good inflammatory marker that could be useful in the differential diagnosis of hyperferritinaemia.
Objectives: to report a case of hypereosinophilic syndrome which presented clinically acute coronary syndrome.
Materials and methods: we describe a case of a 69-year-old woman with acute coronary syndrome and peripheral hypereosinophilia.
Results: the condition rapidly evolved to severe heart failure. Coronary disease was excluded by cardiac catheterization. Systemic corticosteroid therapy was initiated and further secondary causes of hypereosinophilia were excluded.
Introduction: The incidence of vertebral artery (VA) injury during cervical spine surgery is rare. Even though tamponade is effective in many cases, early consultation of an endovascular team is recommended if bleeding cannot be controlled. We report a case of emergent endovascular embolisation of left VA due to iatrogenic injury during anterior cervical disc removal and fusion.
Case: A 47-year-old woman was admitted to our emergency department with serious arterial bleeding from the neck only hours after undergoing anterior cervical disc removal and fusion surgery. She was intubated and mechanically ventilated, however hemorrhage could not be successfully controlled by packing with surgical hemostatic agents. Cranial computed tomography, computed tomography of the cervical spine and CT angiography confirmed the suspected diagnosis of injury to the VA. Emergent endovascular embolisation successfully stopped the bleeding. Occlusion of the vessel was achieved by vascular plugging. The patient was discharged from our hospital 14 days after the intervention, receiving a revision surgery of the cervical spine on the day of embolisation. At the date of discharge she presented without any focal neurological deficit.
Conclusion: Pre-operative radiographic imaging of the cervical spine should be used routinely to identify anatomic abnormalities of the vertebral arteries. Endovascular embolisation appears to be effective in treating acute iatrogenic dissection of the vertebral arteries.
Kikuchi-Fujimoto's disease is a self-limiting and rare disorder of unknown aetiology. The typical presentation includes fever, cervical lymphadenopathy and night sweats. Consequently, it is part of the differential diagnosis of infectious, lymphoproliferative and connective tissue diseases. Histology demonstrates necrotizing histiocytic lymphadenitis. Treatment is symptomatic with non-steroidal antiinflammatory agents, although there are reports of corticosteroid use in complicated cases. We present the case of a 23-year-old woman admitted to hospital for fever and cervical lymphadenopathies, and diagnosed with Kikuchi-Fujimoto's disease.