COVID-19

106 Items

COVID-19

Dear Friends of EJCRIM,
we know that the COVID-19 epidemic is giving you a hard time. Please keep on fighting this virus, your efforts and work are irreplaceable in this very moment.

In order to spread awareness of the various COVID-19 manifestations, EJCRIM is now offering a Fast Track and the waiver of the publication fee for case reports and case series that touch this particular topic. The reports will be quickly peer-reviewed and published for free upon acceptance, so that the all internists and acute medicine doctors can take advantage of the immediate, shared knowledge.

Case reports are the quickest mean to share and to have your peers benefit from (vicarious) experience. Share yours.

The program will be in place until June, 1 2020. COVID-19 articles will be treated as fast track but not all submitted articles will be elegible for the fee waiver. Priority will be given to articles coming from the new epicentre, South America, as per WHO news conference held on Fri 22 May

SUBMIT NOW

Please do not hesitate to reach out to the Editorial Office in case of doubts.

All Items

  • Elina Khattab, Eirini Christaki, Constantinos Pitsios

    It is increasingly recognized that SARS-CoV-2 infection and COVID-19 vaccines have been associated with skin disorders, including pityriasis rosea. It has been reported that pityriasis rosea has been triggered by several vaccines, as a rare side-effect. We present two cases of COVID-19 vaccine-induced pityriasis rosea. Skin lesions appeared in a 49-year-old female 8 days after the first dose of the BNT162b2 mRNA vaccine and in a 53-year-old male 7 days after the second dose of the same vaccine. The exanthem was self-limited in both patients over a period of a month.

  • Maryam Ameri, Meysam Abolmaali, Sayed Mohammed Jawad Alwedaie, Mohammad Nabavi, Neda Rahimian, Negin Mahmoodi

    Since the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, efforts have been made to design safe and effective vaccines against SARS-CoV-2.
    Numerous vaccines have been designed and tested in limited clinical trials in various countries. Among them, the Sputnik V vaccine has shown a relatively safe profile and, to our knowledge, has no associated major side effects. We describe the case of a 40-year-old female healthcare worker who developed severe persistent eczematous lesions on the second day after she received the first dose of the Sputnik vaccine. The eczematous lesions were refractory to an antihistamine and persisted at the 1 month follow-up. Severe persistent eczematous lesions should be viewed as a potential side effect of vaccination with the Sputnik V vaccine. Moreover, a severe allergic reaction to a COVID-2019 vaccine may indicate the vaccine is ineffective in the recipient.

  • Francisco Arias, Alfredo Chiappe, Jorge Rey de Castro, Jorge Zagacet

    A 48-year-old Peruvian man was diagnosed with COVID-19 in December 2020. His infection resolved and he was discharged from hospital after 14 days. However, 1 week later he presented with haemoptysis, malaise, pleuritic pain, infected cavitations, bullae, extensive interstitial lung disease and pneumomediastinum. He recovered after antibiotic treatment and was discharged after 8 days. His symptoms may have been due alveolar rupture due to persistent cough during and after diffuse inflammation of the lung parenchyma caused by COVID-19 infection.

  • Doranna De Pace, Sara Ariotti, Simone Persampieri, Giuseppe Patti, Lupi Alessandro

    SARS-CoV-2 infection is associated with an increased risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE), which is common during active illness but unusual in milder cases and after healing. We describe a case of bilateral acute pulmonary embolism occurring 3 months after recovery from a paucisymptomatic SARS-CoV-2 infection. The only VTE risk factor demonstrable was a history of previous SARS-CoV-2 infection, with laboratory signs of residual low-grade inflammation. Clinicians should be aware of VTE as a potential cause of sudden dyspnoea after COVID-19 resolution, especially in the presence of persistent systemic inflammation.

  • Deeksha Ramanujam, Adeel Nasrullah, Obaid Ashraf, Marshall Bahr, Khalid Malik

    Introduction: Human granulocytic anaplasmosis (HGA) is a tick-borne illness caused by the bacterium Anaplasma phagocytophilum. HGA has a widely variable clinical presentation and can be life-threatening.

    Case description: A 77-year-old man was transferred from an outside facility with altered mental status, a fever of up to 40.5°C, and shortness of breath. Laboratory analysis revealed a progressively worsening pro-inflammatory state and abnormalities in the patient’s coagulation studies. With clinical and laboratory evidence concerning for potential COVID-19 infection, the patient was placed in isolation as a precaution. The results of two COVID-19 tests, given approximately 24 hours apart, were negative. The patient’s spouse confirmed a bug bite to his upper extremity while working outdoors. His symptoms resolved completely after a 10-day course of empiric doxycycline.

    Discussion: The diverse clinical presentations of HGA necessitate a broad differential diagnosis, including viral, bacterial and non-infectious aetiologies. In severe cases, a cytokine-mediated immune cascade can occur (namely, cytokine storm) leading to devastating downstream effects. This cytokine storm can be seen in many other diseases, but most recently it has been demonstrated in the novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).

    Conclusion: Here we present a case of HGA in which diagnosis was delayed due to mimicry of COVID-19 infection. This case highlights the importance of taking clinical and social histories, seasonality and geography into account during diagnosis, and maintaining a broad differential with non-specific symptoms. Despite the current COVID-19 pandemic, we recommend that HGA remains in the differential diagnosis of a pro-inflammatory state with an atypical respiratory presentation.

  • Antonio Martins, Sílvia Policarpo, André Silva Pinto, Ana Sofia Santos, Paulo Figueiredo, António Sarmento, Lurdes Santos

    Adults infected with SARS-CoV-2 may develop a multisystem inflammatory syndrome (MIS-A) characterized by elevated inflammatory markers and multisystem organ involvement. We report the case of a patient who presented with fever and vomiting at hospital admission. He tested positive for SARS-CoV-2 infection and blood tests showed elevated inflammatory markers. The patient developed acute cardiac dysfunction and shock in less than 24 hours and the echocardiogram revealed an LVEF of 30%. He was discharged 3 weeks later fully recovered. MIS-A should be considered if a compatible syndrome is observed in patients with evidence of SARS-CoV-2 infection by PCR test or serology.

  • Yeremia Suryo Pratama, Riska Pradiptakirana, Azkia Rachmah, Nurhasan Agung Prabowo

    Thrombocytopenia and hypercoagulopathy are haematological abnormalities commonly seen in individuals with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). The difficulty arises when the patient has both diseases concurrently. The clinician should be able to comprehend the pathophysiology of these patient abnormalities in order to provide the best treatment possible. We present a case of a 20-year-old female COVID-19 patient with a history of SLE who had thrombocytopenia but normal D-dimer results. Our analysis revealed that the thrombocytopenia may have been caused by a relapse of lupus, not by COVID-19 infection. In this case, glucocorticoids were the primary therapy and produced excellent results.

  • Maria Duarte, Luciana Faria, Catarina Patronillo, Sónia da Costa Fernandes, Vera Seara

    Good’s syndrome is a rare adult-onset combined immunodeficiency. The association of hypogammaglobulinaemia with a history of recurrent infectious or autoimmune manifestations in a middle-aged patient with evidence of a mediastinal mass should lead to the clinical suspicion of Good’s syndrome. The mortality rate associated with infectious complications is high. Thus, although it is rare, the disease should be diagnosed early so that proper treatment can be started. Thymectomy and immunoglobulin replacement are the main therapeutic strategies. We describe the case of a patient with a history of thymoma and recurrent respiratory infections, with a late diagnosis of Good’s syndrome in the context of severe organizing pneumonia secondary to COVID-19.

  • Mohammad Yousef, Basel Abdelazeem, Atefeh Kalantary, Rebecca Pratiti

    Deep neck space infection and viral myocarditis related to coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) have both been described in the medical literature. However, there are only three reported cases of retropharyngeal infection as a presenting pathology in the setting of COVID-19.

    A 26-year-old woman presented to the emergency room with fever and neck swelling and pain 1 month after COVID-19 infection. A computed tomography scan of the neck demonstrated tonsillitis with retropharyngeal infection. She was also found to have heart failure with an ejection fraction (EF) of <20% due to acute myocarditis. Her infection resolved and the EF improved to 40% prior to discharge.

    Our case is the first to describe retropharyngeal infection as a late complication in an adult with a history of COVID-19 several weeks previously. It also presented a clinical challenge in terms of tailoring goal-directed medical therapy to manage severe left ventricular dysfunction caused by myocarditis.

  • Francesca Salvotti, Francesco Poiatti, Stefano Bressa, Giovanni Montani, Matteo Nardin, Damiano Rizzoni

    Platypnoea-orthodeoxia syndrome (POS) is a rare disorder and its pathophysiology has puzzled clinicians for years. Few cases of POS are described in COVID-19 patients in the literature, with a high variability of conditions related to the syndrome. 
    In this article, we report the case of a patient admitted to our hospital for SARS-CoV-2 interstitial pneumonia, who developed POS during the hospitalization.

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