Caffeine Toxicity Following Ingestion of an Exercise Supplement by a Patient with Type 1 Diabetes
KeywordsCaffeine toxicity, diabetes, diabetic ketoacidosis
We report the case of a patient with type 1 diabetes who developed acute severe diabetic ketoacidosis following ingestion of an energy supplement containing caffeine. Some 95% of the US adult population consume caffeine, and the general perception is that there are no negative consequences for health. The upper limit of safe consumption is less than 400 mg per day. However, acute ingestion of high doses of caffeine may cause significant metabolic changes that can be fatal. Here the patient consumed a toxic dose of caffeine causing unpleasant and puzzling symptoms, vomiting and, following omission of his long-acting basal insulin, severe diabetic ketoacidosis. As the sports nutrition market continues to expand, providers and manufacturers have a responsibility to give clear and accurate dosing instructions as well as side effect profiles for their products, particularly for diabetic patients.
Issue: LATEST ONLINE (view)