Seronegative Bilateral Symmetrical Inflammatory Polyarthritis: Think Twice Before Starting Immunosuppression

  • Omar Alsaed Department of Medicine (Rheumatology), Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar
  • Nawal Hadwan Department of Medicine (Rheumatology), Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar
  • Izzat Khanjar Department of Medicine (Rheumatology), Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar
  • Abdul-Wahab Al-Allaf Hamad General Hospital/ Hamad Medical Institute

Keywords

Seronegative rheumatoid arthritis, leprosy

Abstract

The most common cause of bilateral symmetrical polyarthritis in the small joints is rheumatoid arthritis. However, if seronegative arthritis is involved, it could be the case that other underlying causes need to be diagnosed. This is particularly important for those coming from or living in developing countries where infectious causes should always be considered. The case of a young Nepali woman is presented in this article. She was referred as a case of seronegative rheumatoid arthritis for DMARDs therapy but this was not the case due to her origin from Nepal and seronegativity for RF, Anti-ccp, and ANA as well as faint macular skin lesions over her face and upper extremities, which the patients are not aware of. Consequently, skin biopsy was carried out which subsequently confirmed that the infectious cause of her polyarthritis was leprosy.

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  • Published: 2018-06-04

    Issue: LATEST ONLINE (view)

    Section: Articles

    How to cite:
    Alsaed, O., Hadwan, N., Khanjar, I., & Al-Allaf, A.-W. (2018). Seronegative Bilateral Symmetrical Inflammatory Polyarthritis: Think Twice Before Starting Immunosuppression. European Journal of Case Reports in Internal Medicine, 2. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.12890/2018_000895