Type A aortic dissection, Bentall procedure, atypical symptoms
Kikuchi-Fujimoto disease (KFD), also called histiocytic necrotizing lymphadenitis, is more common in young women and typically presents with small, painful, localized cervical lymphadenopathy that resolves spontaneously within a few weeks. Laboratory findings are variable. As many as 40% of KFD cases are reported to be painless, and up to 22% to be generalized lymphadenopathy. Therefore, malignant lymphoma could be a differential diagnosis of KFD. A histopathologic diagnosis is needed when it is difficult to distinguish KFD from lymphoma. KFD typically shows small, highly accumulated cervical lymph nodes on fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET). This contrasts with malignant lymphoma, which tends to be associated with massive lymphadenopathy. In our case, a 40-year-old Japanese male presented with painless lumps in the right neck, accompanied by fever, night sweats, and loss of appetite. His symptoms and laboratory results worsened over a month. FDG-PET revealed highly accumulated uptake in cervical, mediastinal, and axillary lymph nodes. The PET imaging showed a small, high FDG uptake and contributed to the correct diagnosis of KFD. This case report highlights the importance of FDG-PET, which is a valuable diagnostic tool for KFD as it typically differentiates large clusters of small lymph nodes typical of KFD from normal lymph nodes.
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Issue: 2024: Vol 11 No 2 (view)