Recurrent Episodes of Hypokalaemia during Treatment with Inhaled Beta-2 Agonist Revealing Gitelman Syndrome, an Uncommon Clinical Entity
  • Nery Sablón-González
    Servicio de Nefrología, Hospital Universitario de Gran Canaria Dr. Negrin, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain
  • Yanet Parodis-Lopez
    Servicio de Nefrología, Hospital Universitario de Gran Canaria Dr. Negrin, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain
  • Maria Belen Alonso-Ortiz
    Servicio de Medicina Interna, Hospital Universitario de Gran Canaria Dr. Negrin, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain
  • Angélica Laurin
    Centro de Atención Primaria Barrio Atlántico, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain
  • Emmanuel Andres
    Service de Médecine Interne, Diabète et Maladies Métaboliques. Hôpitaux Universitaires de Strasbourg, Strasbourg, France
  • Noel Lorenzo Villalba
    Service de Médecine Interne, Diabète et Maladies Métaboliques. Hôpitaux Universitaires de Strasbourg, Strasbourg, France

Keywords

Hypokalemia, metabolic alcalosis, Gitelman syndrome

Abstract

A 28-year-old female patient was hospitalized for mild–moderate hypokalaemia which was persistent despite discontinuation of beta-2 agonist bronchodilator treatment. Her past medical history was relevant for two episodes of severe hypokalaemia after active inhaled beta-2 agonist treatment for asthma crisis. Investigations revealed increased potassium in spot urine with a transtubular potassium gradient <4. A 24-hour urine analysis showed hypophosphaturia, hypocalciuria, hypomagnesuria and normal urine prostaglandins in favour of Gitelman syndrome. Oral potassium supplementation was started and genetic studies were recommended.

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References

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    Published: 2022-10-20
    Issue: 2022: Vol 9 No 10 (view)


    How to cite:
    1.
    Sablón-González N, Parodis-Lopez Y, Alonso-Ortiz MB, Laurin A, Andres E, Lorenzo Villalba N. Recurrent Episodes of Hypokalaemia during Treatment with Inhaled Beta-2 Agonist Revealing Gitelman Syndrome, an Uncommon Clinical Entity. EJCRIM 2022;9 doi:10.12890/2022_003605.

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