A Rare Case of Benign Histiocytic Neoplasm of Cutaneous Rosai–Dorfman Disease: A Case Report and Literature Review

  • Erinie Mekheal St Joseph’s University Medical Center, Paterson, NJ, USA
  • Sherif Roman St Joseph’s University Medical Center, Paterson, NJ, USA
  • Brooke Kania St Joseph’s University Medical Center, Paterson, NJ, USA
  • Nader Mekheal St Joseph’s University Medical Center, Paterson, NJ, USA
  • Sharon Awasthi St Joseph’s University Medical Center, Paterson, NJ, USA
  • Vinod Kumar St Joseph’s University Medical Center, Paterson, NJ, USA
  • Michael Maroules St Joseph’s University Medical Center, Paterson, NJ, USA

Keywords

Rosai–Dorfman disease, cutaneous type, lymphoproliferative disorder, emperipolesis

Abstract

Rosai–Dorfman disease (RDD) is a rare disorder characterized by the proliferation of histiocytes in lymph nodes. It can occur anywhere in the body but commonly involves the cervical area of the neck. Its clinical presentation varies and patients with skin manifestations may develop papules, nodules, plaques, or pustules. Histologically, it typically presents with emperipolesis, where intact lymphocytes are found within histiocytes. The definitive treatment of RDD is not well established given the rarity of the disease and indeed skin lesions can regress spontaneously. Therapeutic treatment options include cryotherapy, radiation, or topical agents such as steroids or retinoids. Here we describe the case of a 24-year-old Hispanic female who presented with skin manifestations which proved to be histologically positive for Rosai–Dorfman disease. The patient clinically improved following the administration of intralesional steroids.

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References

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  • Published: 2022-02-10

    Issue: 2022: Vol 9 No 2 (view)

    Section: Articles

    How to cite:
    1.
    Mekheal E, Roman S, Kania B, Mekheal N, Awasthi S, Kumar V, Maroules M. A Rare Case of Benign Histiocytic Neoplasm of Cutaneous Rosai–Dorfman Disease: A Case Report and Literature Review. EJCRIM 2022;9 doi:10.12890/2022_003139.

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