Drug-Induced Liver Injury Due To Losartan
KeywordsLosartan, drug-induced liver injury
Drug-induced liver injury (DILI) is a challenging diagnosis since a wide variety of medicines can cause adverse reactions. Losartan is an angiotensin II receptor antagonist (ARA-II) approved for the treatment of arterial hypertension. The most common adverse effects are fatigue, anaemia, weakness and cough. An increase in transaminases has been reported with less frequency (<2% of cases). Although the mechanism is not fully understood, DILI onset is usually within 1–8 weeks of therapy, and hepatic enzymology usually normalizes 2–4 months after drug suspension. The authors present the case of a 66-year-old male patient with a medical history of arterial hypertension and a prior hospitalization (4 years previously) for drug-induced hepatitis, which, at the time, was attributed to a dietary supplement. Four years later, because of new onset of hypertension, losartan was reintroduced. After 3 weeks, the patient was admitted to the emergency department with complaints of acute abdominal pain associated with asthenia, nausea and increased abdominal volume that had first developed 8 days previously. After exclusion of other causes, DILI associated with losartan was assumed. This is a very rare adverse effect since only seven cases have been described in the literature.
Issue: 2021: LATEST ONLINE (view)