Hypothyroid Crisis: Oral or Intravenous Treatment? A Report of Two Cases

  • Rens Gadaen Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Endocrinology and Thyroid Centre, Zuyderland Medical Centre, Sittard-Geleen, the Netherlands
  • Roderick Tummers - de Lind van Wijngaarden Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Endocrinology and Thyroid Centre, Zuyderland Medical Centre, Sittard-Geleen, the Netherlands

Keywords

Hypothyroid crisis, myxoedema coma, oral treatment

Abstract

Background: Hypothyroid crisis, or myxoedema coma, is a rare condition with high mortality and must be treated promptly. Even though it may be unfavourable, most guidelines only focus on intravenous drug administration due to lack of data on oral treatment.

Methods/Results: The course of oral treatment in two patients admitted in our hospital is described. Patients were treated with levothyroxine 1.3 µg/kg and liothyronine 25 µg twice daily, followed after 1 week with only levothyroxine 1.3 µg/kg daily. Oral treatment was successful in both patients without complications or side-effects.

Conclusions: Oral substitution is an appropriate alternative to intravenous substitution, which has potential disadvantages and is associated with higher mortality.

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  • Published: 2021-10-08

    Issue: 2021: Vol 8 No 9 (view)

    Section: Articles

    How to cite:
    1.
    Gadaen R, Tummers - de Lind van Wijngaarden R. Hypothyroid Crisis: Oral or Intravenous Treatment? A Report of Two Cases. EJCRIM 2021;8 doi:10.12890/2021_002752.