Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma Presenting as Haemophagocytic Lymphohistiocytosis with Underlying Coxiella burnetii and Bartonella henselae Seropositivity

  • Mohammad Ammad Ud Din Department of Internal Medicine, Rochester General Hospital, New York, USA
  • Syed Ather Hussain Department of Internal Medicine, Rochester General Hospital, New York, USA
  • Bassil Said Department of Internal Medicine, Rochester General Hospital, New York, USA
  • Aneeqa Zafar Department of Hospitalist Medicine, El Camino Hospital, Mountain View, California, USA

Keywords

Haemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis, Coxiella Burnetii, Bartonella henselae, T-cell lymphoma

Abstract

A 44-year-old woman with no significant medical history presented with a 3-week history of high-grade fevers, fatigue and shortness of breath. Laboratory investigation was significant for lymphopenia and thrombocytopenia which progressively worsened during her hospital stay, along with new-onset anaemia, and elevated ferritin, transaminase and triglycerides. A computerized tomography (CT) scan of the abdomen revealed retroperitoneal lymphadenopathy. A bone marrow biopsy confirmed the diagnosis of haemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH). Extensive infectious work-up revealed high IgG titres for Bartonella henselae and Coxiella burnetii. Interestingly, the left supraclavicular node was negative for both microbes by polymerase chain reaction (PCR), but the biopsy revealed anaplastic large T-cell lymphoma.

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Published: 2020-08-07

Issue: Vol 7 No 11 (view)

Section: Articles

How to cite:
1.
Ammad Ud Din M, Hussain SA, Said B, Zafar A. Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma Presenting as Haemophagocytic Lymphohistiocytosis with Underlying Coxiella burnetii and Bartonella henselae Seropositivity. EJCRIM 2020;7 doi:10.12890/2020_001850.