A Case of Pulmonary Mycetoma Caused by Paecilomyces variotii

  • Diogo Paixão Marques Internal Medicine Department, Hospital de Egas Moniz, Lisbon, Portugal
  • Joana Carvalho Pulmonology Department, Hospital de Egas Moniz, Lisbon, Portugal
  • Sara Rocha Internal Medicine Department, Hospital de Egas Moniz, Lisbon, Portugal
  • Raquel Domingos Internal Medicine Department, Hospital de Egas Moniz, Lisbon, Portugal

Keywords

Paecilomyces variotii, mycetoma, immunosuppression, interstitial lung disease

Abstract

Fungal infections caused by Paecilomyces species are rare. Although most cases of human infection occur in immunocompromised patients, this species is also being increasingly recognized as a pathogen in immunocompetent individuals. Paecilomyces variotii and P. lilacinus are the most common pathogens in humans. P. variotii infection usually manifests as peritonitis, pneumonia or endophthalmitis. We present the case of an 84-year-old immunocompromised patient with interstitial lung disease, who developed pulmonary mycetoma with isolation of P. variotii in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid culture. We found one similar case in the literature, but Paecilomyces species was not identified. Therefore, this is the first described case of pulmonary mycetoma caused by P. variotii.

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  • Published: 2019-02-20

    Issue: Vol 6 No 2 (view)

    Section: Articles

    How to cite:
    Marques, D., Carvalho, J., Rocha, S., & Domingos, R. (2019). A Case of Pulmonary Mycetoma Caused by Paecilomyces variotii. European Journal of Case Reports in Internal Medicine, 6(2). https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.12890/2019_001040