Rapidly Progressive Encephalopathy: Initial Diagnosis of Creutzfeldt Jakob Disease in an Intensive Care Unit

  • Patrícia Afonso Mendes Internal Medicine Department, Centro Hospitalar e Universitário de Coimbra, Coimbra
  • Emilia Trigo Intensive Care Department, Centro Hospitalar e Universitário de Coimbra, Coimbra
  • Rui Pina Internal Medicine Department, Centro Hospitalar e Universitário de Coimbra, Coimbra
  • Paulo Martins Intensive Care Department, Centro Hospitalar e Universitário de Coimbra, Coimbra
  • Jorge Pimentel Intensive Care Department, Centro Hospitalar e Universitário de Coimbra, Coimbra

Keywords

Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, rapid progressive dementia

Abstract

Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) is a rare, incurable and fatal condition that can only be confirmed through neuropathological investigation, such as brain biopsy or post-mortem study. However, a probable diagnosis can be made using clinical criteria. CJD manifests as rapidly progressive dementia with myoclonus and to a lesser extent visual impairment and cerebellar and pyramidal/extrapyramidal signs. We report the case of a previously independent adult male that met all the clinical criteria. Taken together, the investigation results suggested probable CJD.

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Published: 2017-01-27

Issue: Vol. 4 No. 1 (view)

Section: Articles

How to cite:
1.
Mendes PA, Trigo E, Pina R, Martins P, Pimentel J. Rapidly Progressive Encephalopathy: Initial Diagnosis of Creutzfeldt Jakob Disease in an Intensive Care Unit. EJCRIM 2017;4 doi:10.12890/2016_000476.

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