Leishmaniasis Mimicking Lymphoma and/or Liver Cirrhosis
A 76-year-old man was admitted to hospital with fever, weight loss, pancytopenia, hepatosplenomegaly and a double monoclonal component IgM-IgG-k, suggesting a diagnosis of myeloma. Bone marrow and liver biopsies disclosed the presence of Donovan bodies, and the titre of anti-Leishmania antibodies was extremely high. After treatment with liposomal amphotericin B, the titre of antibodies fell considerably, while monoclonal components, pancytopenia and clinical symptoms slowly disappeared. Polyclonal ?-globulins are made of innumerable monoclonal components, one of which can appear as a recognizable band and be misdiagnosed as myeloma when representing the high titre of an antibody directed towards a specific antigen.
Issue: Vol. 1 (2014) (view)