Pulmonary Hypertension in COVID-19 Pneumoniae: It Is Not Always as It Seems
KeywordsCOVID-19, pulmonary hypertension, right ventricular involvement, partial anomalous pulmonary venous drainage
A patient affected by COVID-19 pneumonia may develop pulmonary hypertension (PH) and secondary right ventricular (RV) involvement, due to lung parenchymal and interstitial damage and altered pulmonary haemodynamics, even in non-advanced phases of the disease. This is a consequence of hypoxic vasoconstriction of the pulmonary circulation, the use of positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) in mechanical ventilation, pulmonary endothelial injury, and local inflammatory thrombotic and/or thromboembolic processes.
We report the case of a young man admitted with a diagnosis of COVID-19 pneumoniae with PH unrelated to viral infection and in whom partial anomalous pulmonary venous drainage (PAPVD) was eventually diagnosed.
Issue: Vol 7 No 12 (view)