Autoimmune Haemolytic Anaemia and Multiple Autoimmune Syndrome

  • Mohammad Mahdi Adib Sereshki Department of Hematology and Medical Oncology, Firoozgar Hospital, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • Simin Almasi Department of Rheumatology, Firoozgar Hospital, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Ira
  • Behdad Behnam Department of Internal Medicine, Firoozgar Hospital, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • Farbod Semnani Students' Scientific Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Keywords

Haemolytic anaemia, autoimmune syndrome, Addison's disease

Abstract

The presence of different autoimmune disorders in the same individual is called multiple autoimmune syndrome (MAS). One of these co-occurring conditions is autoimmune haemolytic anaemia (AIHA), which is characterized by the production of autoantibodies against red blood cells due to immune system malfunction and which results in severe tissue oxygenation disturbance. AIHA is not uncommon but occurs rarely in MAS; if it does, MAS is then classified as MAS type III. Herein, we describe a case of MAS type III including AIHA which was successfully treated with hydrocortisone with gradual resolution of symptoms.

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  • Published: 2019-04-26

    Issue: Vol 6 No 5 (view)

    Section: Articles

    How to cite:
    Adib Sereshki, M. M., Almasi, S., Behnam, B., & Semnani, F. (2019). Autoimmune Haemolytic Anaemia and Multiple Autoimmune Syndrome. European Journal of Case Reports in Internal Medicine, 6(5). https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.12890/2019_001111